Impressions of Wine Country

Impressions of Wine CountryI am proud to announce the publication of my new book, “Impressions of Wine Country”. In this book, I talk with a number of winemakers and grape growers to uncover the artistry of viticulture and viniculture in this unique area of the world. It is both a story of how wine is grown and crafted from the vine to the glass and a picture book containing over 170 of my watercolors (drawn mostly on location). Travel with me as I explore the seasons of the vineyard in Northern California.

Preston Vineyards and Farms

Preston_sOver the past month, I’ve visited Preston Vineyards and Farms several times for produce, sketching, and of course, wine tasting. The property is situated in Sonoma County’s Dry Creek Valley and is a beautiful place to visit, especially in fall. The farm store is loaded with gourds, pumpkins, herbs, zucchini, and much more. Picnic tables are in abundance and make perfect places for lunch and a quick sketch.

Winter Mustard

tree, barn, mustard_s

With the help of December rains, mustard is in full bloom all across Sonoma County. After three years of putting off painting this scene, today I finally took the time to sketch it with my good friend Phil McDonel.

Dry Creek Valley Sketch Tour

Owl house_s

Last weekend, the Ready, Set Sketch! group toured the Dry Creek Valley by bike. It’s one of the most beautiful rides in Sonoma County. Resting on a hilltop along Chiquita road, I sketched an owl box standing high above the vineyard covered landscape.


Lambert bridge_s

Lambert Bridge crossing Dry Creek, located just outside of Healdsburg in the Dry Creek Valley.

Quivera view of Mnt. St. Helena_s

Quivira Vineyards, a beautiful winery located on the far end of the Dry Creek Valley has both, arresting views and great wine. This sketch shows a nearby barn, neck deep in vineyards.


Chateau Montelena’s Estate Cabernet Vineyard

Chateau Monetlena vineyards_s

Bo Barrett pulls off the dirt road at the far end of the estate. We step out of the truck and into the shade of a large oak tree, looking back towards the winery over a field of Cabernet grapes planted in 1974. The weather is hot but a gentle breeze is just enough to keep my skin cool. Bo comments, “Our property is unique in that we have all three types of Napa soil. Volcanic, which is up on the hill, the rocky, alluvial soil where water once flowed, and the sedimentary valley floor. Vineyards need to stress to a certain extent to produce great wine. That’s why planting in these soils work so well.”

Harvest at the Bacigalupi Ranch


In 1973, grape harvest started off just like any other for the Bacigalupi family. The long dry summer had parched the hillsides and the sun’s warmth carried into August, broken only by early morning fog. The grapes had gone through veraison and were showing signs of color and sweetness when Mike Grgich, then-winemaker for Napa’s Chateau Montelena, stopped by the farm, and a Chardonnay contract was secured between both parties. As harvest now approached, Charles Bacigalupi and Grgich walked the vineyards every day to take samples with Mike raving about their flavor. Charles remembers, “No one had ever mentioned flavor before when talking about grapes, they were only interested in how high the sugars and acid levels were.”

Once the grapes had ripened to perfection, migrant workers were hired to help the family harvest. Back then, entire families migrated from Mexico; all family members picked fruit and were paid by the bin. When the trailer was full, it was Helen Bacigalupi who drove the grapes over to the Chateau Montelena Winery. She still remembers, “I drove a 1973 VW pickup truck and pulled a trailer full of grapes behind it. The truck barely had enough power to get up the hill through Knights Valley from Healdsburg to Calistoga” laughs Helen. “Just before I reached the hill, I gunned the gas petal, hoping that no other car would slow me down.”

Bacigalupis_truck_sWhen Helen arrived at Chateau Montelena it was about 5 pm. In those days, grapes weren’t picked at night like they are today because they didn’t have lights for the vineyard. Upon her arrival, Helen asked for the weigh scale. Mike Grgich searched but came up empty, so on subsequent trips, the grapes were weighed on the Witke’s scale in Healdsburg until all the trips had been made and the harvest was completed.

Back in 1964 when the Bacigalupi family planted six acres of Chardonnay along with four acres of Pinot Noir on their Westside Road ranch, many people thought this a risk, as the conventional wisdom and the market still leaned toward prunes. “At the time, I’d never heard of either of those two types of grapes,” says Charles, “and I had to write the names down so I wouldn’t forget them.” But in 1976, the Bacigalupis gained widespread recognition as growers, when the 1973 Château Montelena Chardonnay, made with 40% of the Bacigalupi’s fruit, won the famed Judgment of Paris tasting over many highly acclaimed French wines.


The Judgment of Paris consisted of six California Chardonnays along with four French white burgundies that were selected for a blind tasting event in Paris by Steven Spurrier, an English wine merchant. Top French wine experts judged and ranked the wines, and the 1973 Chateau Montelena’s Chardonnay came out on top, making history. There was also a red blind tasting featuring California Cabernet Sauvignon vs. French Bordeaux in which Napa’s Stag’s Leap Wine Cellars’ Cabernet took top prize. This single event helped to change the world’s perception of California wines.

Grgich made 1,800 cases of the 1973 Chateau Montelena Chardonnay using 14 tons of grapes from the Bacigalupis, 20 tons from Henry Dick’s vineyard in Alexander Valley, and 5 tons of grapes from Napa Valley growers John Hanna and Lee Paschich. Today, the Bacigalupi vineyard still produces fruit, but at about half its 1973 levels. Even so, the family plans to keep the famed vineyard for as long as it produces grapes.

Bo’s Vineyard Truck at Chateau Montelena

Chateau Montelena_s2So why was the Judgment of Paris so important?

Six California Chardonnays along with four French white burgundies were selected for a blind tasting event in Paris in 1976. Top French wine experts judged and ranked the wines, and the 1973 Chateau Montelena’s Chardonnay came out on top, making history. There was also a red competition featuring California Cabernet Sauvignon vs. French Bordeaux in which Napa’s Stag’s Leap Wine Cellars’ Cabernet took top prize also.

In Retrospect, the Judgement of Paris was seminal, but at the time, no one was talking about it and it wasn’t until years later that we even heard about it. There just wasn’t much fuss over it at the time. But, as history has shown, it changed the way people viewed California wines.